Prominent horse trainer Robert Smerdon has been banned for life for the “systematic doping” of more than 100 race horses.
Judge John Bowman said there was hierarchal ladder and Smerdon was at the top of it.
Racing Victoria has also asked Victoria’s Racing Appeals and Disciplinary Board to fine him $100,000.
The board reserved its decision for 10 days in order to take financial submissions.
Smerdon’s lawyer Tim McHenry said a $100,000 fine would be financially crushing.
He said the life long ban would also stop him “returning to an industry he’s known and loved for nearly 50 years”.