India is well placed after dismissing the West Indies for 234 on day one of the first Test at Eden Gardens in Kolkata.
At stumps, the hosts were 0 for 37, trailing the West Indies by 197 runs, with Shikhar Dhawan unbeaten on 21 alongside Murali Vijay on 16 not out.
India got the West Indian openers out cheaply, before Marlon Samuels (65) offered some resistance for the third wicket.
But wickets fell in quick succession after Samuels’ dismissal, as debutant Mohammed Shami picked up 4 for 71.
Sachin Tendulkar, playing in his penultimate Test match before retirement, picked up a wicket himself, fooling Shane Shillingford (5) with a flipper that caught him plumb on the pads.
Tendulkar will play his 200th and final Test match in the second Test of the two-match series in Mumbai as he draws a close to an illustrious career.