Lightning strikes in western Canada in the past two days have soared nearly tenfold from the same time a year ago, triggered in part by a record-breaking heat wave, meteorologists say, warning of more strikes at the weekend that could further stoke forest fires fanned by high winds.
More than 710,000 lightning strikes were recorded in British Columbia and western Alberta between 3pm on Wednesday (local time) and 6am on Thursday, up from an average 8300 from the same period over the past five years, said Chris Vagasky, a meteorologist with Vaisala, a global environmental measurements company which collects the data.
The Pacific province of British Columbia has been recovering from the grip of an unprecedented heat wave during which the town of Lytton broke Canada’s 80-plus year old heat record with a 49.6C temperature this week. A forest fire that started on Wednesday razed Lytton. The cause of the fire is under investigation.
British Columbia usually accounts for about five per cent of Canada’s total lighting strikes each year, but it has reported its annual number in less than 48 hours, Mr Vagasky said.
The figure is comparable to “what you would typically see on some of the bigger lightning days in really lightning prone regions of the United States, like Texas or Oklahoma”, Mr Vagasky said, and is unheard of for a region such as British Columbia.
The high number of lightning strikes was caused in part by the heat wave, which created high levels of moisture in the atmosphere in the form of melting snow and evaporation of water from vegetation, said Jonathan Bau, a meteorologist with Environment and Climate Change Canada.
The moisture fuelled the unusually fierce thunderstorms.
“We’re not in the middle of summer where everything’s dried out,” Mr Bau said, adding that more lightning was forecast for the weekend.
The strikes caused several forest fires across central British Columbia, with 136 fires burning as of Friday afternoon, BC officials said at a briefing.
The fires are expected to burn through 100,000 hectares by the end of the weekend, officials said, a significantly higher figure than by this point in previous years.
More than 1300 homes have been ordered evacuated, and it is not known how many people are missing.