The Malaysian airliner apparently shot down over rebel-held eastern Ukraine was flying over airspace that a number of other carriers and Australia’s Qantas abandoned months ago because of security concerns.
South Korea’s two main airlines, Korean Air and Asiana, as well as Qantas and Taiwan’s China Airlines said they had all re-routed flights from as early as the beginning of March when Russian troops moved into Crimea.
• EXPLAINER What happened to MH17?
• Malaysia Airlines plane shot down by rebels: report
• Fears for 27 Australians on board MH17
• GALLERY Images from the crash site
• VIDEO Witnesses capture vision of plane crashing, Abbott speaks
“We stopped flying over Ukraine because of safety concerns,” Asiana spokeswoman Lee Hyo-min said.
Korean Air re-routed its flights 250 kilometres south of Ukraine from March 3 “due to the political unrest in the region”, an official for the carrier told AFP.
A Qantas spokeswoman said its London to Dubai service used to fly over Ukraine, but the route was changed “several months ago”, while Taiwan’s China Airlines diverted its flights from April 3.
Quizzed as to why Malaysia Airlines had not taken similar precautions, Malaysian Prime Minister Najib Razak said international air authorities had deemed the flight path secure.
“The aircraft’s flight route was declared safe by the International Civil Aviation Organization. And (the) International Air Transportation Association has stated that the airspace the aircraft was traversing was not subject to restrictions,” he said.
Re-routing would have involved a longer flight-time and therefore higher fuel costs.
Singapore Airlines said in a statement that it had been using Ukrainian airspace, but had “re-routed all our flights” to alternative corridors away from the region.
It was not immediately clear when the route change was put into affect.
Hong Kong’s Cathay Pacific said it had not been using Ukrainian airspace “for quite some time”.
According to the European flight safety body Eurocontrol, the Ukrainian authorities declared the east of the country a no-fly zone shortly after the Malaysian airliner went down with 298 people on board.
European and US airlines rerouted their flights as Kiev said flight MH17 was shot down in a “terrorist” attack and a US official said intelligence analysts “strongly believe” it was downed by a surface-to-air missile.
“Since the crash, the Ukrainian authorities have informed Eurocontrol of the closure of routes from the ground to unlimited (altitude) in Eastern Ukraine,” Eurocontrol said in a statement.
“All flight plans that are filed using these routes are now being rejected by Eurocontrol. The routes will remain closed until further notice,” it added.
According to Eurocontrol’s information, the doomed plane was flying at a level known as “330”, or approximately 10,000 metres or 33,000 feet, when it disappeared from radar screens.
The route itself had been closed to level “320”, but was cleared for those flying at the Malaysian plane’s altitude.
Thai Airways said it had started re-routing flights away from Ukraine from Friday as a direct result of the crash.
“Some of our flights used to pass through Ukrainian airspace … but as of today all of our flights are totally avoiding Ukrainian airspace,” a Thai Airways spokeswoman said.
Air China and China Eastern Airways had a total of 28 flights a week passing over eastern Ukraine, but China’s Civil Aviation Administration said on Friday it had ordered all carriers to circumvent the region.
Vietnam Airlines said it had suspended four long-haul flights to Europe in the immediate aftermath of the Malaysia Airlines incident.
The flights resumed on Friday, but on re-drawn routes that “completely avoid” eastern Ukraine, the airline said.
Other Asian carriers such as Indonesia’s Garuda, Japan Airlines and All Nippon Airways said their routes had never crossed Ukraine.