US Vice President Joe Biden will meet Ukraine’s new pro-Western leaders in a symbolic show of America’s support for Kiev.
The meetings, on the second day of Biden’s two-day visit to Ukraine, take place after the US and Russia put a radically different spin on a crunch telephone call between their diplomatic chiefs on reviving the accord reached last week in Geneva.
Under the deal, signed by Ukraine, Russia, the United States and the European Union, pro-Kremlin rebels holding a string of eastern towns were supposed to disarm and give up the buildings they have seized.
The accord was meant to reduce tensions in the worst confrontation between Washington and Moscow since the Cold War
US Secretary of State John Kerry called on Moscow to put pressure on the pro-Russian separatists, which Washington sees as backed by Russia.
However, Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov urged Washington to influence the Ukrainian government, which Moscow accuses of “grossly breaching” the Geneva deal.
Kerry told Lavrov that “concrete steps” to defuse the crisis should include “publicly calling on separatists to vacate illegal buildings and checkpoints, accept amnesty and address their grievances politically”, said State Department spokeswoman Jen Psaki.
In Moscow, the Russian foreign ministry said Lavrov had asked Kerry to “pressure Kiev to stop hotheads from provoking a bloody conflict and to encourage the Ukrainian authorities to strictly fulfil their obligations”, the Russian foreign ministry said.
Lavrov also accused Ukraine’s government of an “inability and unwillingness” to rein in Pravy Sektor (“Right Sector”), an ultra-nationalist group the separatists blamed for an attack Sunday on one of their checkpoints in the flashpoint town of Slavyansk.
The shootout, started by unidentified attackers, broke a brief Easter truce and killed at least two separatist rebels.
US President Barack Obama has threatened more sanctions on Moscow if the Geneva accord is not implemented soon, beyond those already imposed by the United States and the European Union.
White House press secretary Jay Carney said on Monday that Washington was ready to make good on its threat, warning that “if progress is not made in coming days we will impose further costs”.
But Lavrov said it was the Ukrainian government that was violating the deal and told reporters in Moscow that sanctions would fail.
“Attempts to isolate Russia have absolutely no future because isolating Russia from the rest of the world is impossible,” he said.
His country, he said, was “a great power, independent, and it knows what it wants”.
Russia, which annexed Ukraine’s Crimea peninsula last month after sending in troops, has massed a military force estimated at 40,000 soldiers on Ukraine’s eastern border.
The United States and NATO have responded by boosting their own forces in eastern Europe.