Scott Morrison has risked upsetting China further after he called on nations to “do all we can” to find the source of the coronavirus pandemic which had “inflicted a calamity” on the world.
The Prime Minister addressed the virtual United Nations general assembly on Saturday, praising the World Health Organisation for establishing an inquiry into the global response to coronavirus.
“There is also a clear mandate to identify the zoonotic source of the COVID-19 virus and how it was transmitted to humans,” he said.
“This virus has inflicted a calamity on our world and its peoples. We must do all we can to understand what happened for no other purpose than to prevent it from happening again.”
The Prime Minister’s speech comes amid escalating tensions between Australia and China which was sparked when he first called for a global inquiry into the origins of the pandemic.
But Mr Morrison has doubled down on his calls for the independent investigation which already has global support.
The inquiry resolution backed by 145 countries in May does not mention China, instead committing to an impartial, independent and comprehensive evaluation of the pandemic.
China eventually supported the European Union motion.
Mr Morrison’s speech also touched on trade rules and the need to peacefully resolve disputes through dialogue, in another dig at China.
“As an outward-looking, sovereign, trading nation, Australia also values the rules and institutions that enable international trade,” Mr Morrison said.
“We know that trade creates wealth and brings nations together. It makes us more prosperous, all of us.
“We won’t retreat into the downward spiral of protectionism in Australia.”
Mr Morrison will urge other leaders to share a coronavirus vaccine if they discover one and not to put profit ahead of the greater good.
He has previously said if Australia found a vaccine, it would be shared across the world.
“This is a global responsibility and it’s a moral responsibility for a vaccine to be shared far and wide,” Mr Morrison said.
“Some might see short term advantage or even profit.
“But I assure you to anyone who may think along those lines, humanity will have a very long memory and be a very, very severe judge.”
Amid a wave of anti-lockdown protests around the world, including Melbourne, Mr Morrison spoke of the dangers of disinformation, urging for more to be done to prevent it.
“Disinformation costs lives and creates a climate of fear and division,” he said.
“It goes against Australia’s values and beliefs as a free, open society.”
Daniel Andrews ‘sorry for what has occurred’
Daniel Andrews says he is disappointed no one in his government knows who made the decision to use private security guards in Victoria’s quarantine hotels.
The premier apologised unreservedly to Victorians when he appeared before the state’s hotel quarantine inquiry on Friday.
“Mistakes have been made in this program and answers are required,” Mr Andrews said.
“I want to make it very clear to each and every member of the Victorian community that I am sorry for what has occurred here.”
Victoria’s second wave of coronavirus, which resulted in more than 18,000 new infections and 750 deaths, can be traced back to outbreaks among security guards at two quarantine hotels.
After six weeks of hearings, it is still not known who made the decision to use the guards instead of the police or the Australian Defence Force, who assisted in other states.
The judicial inquiry has heard the decision was definitely made on March 27, the day national cabinet announced the hotel quarantine program.
The premier, Health Minister Jenny Mikakos, Jobs Minister Martin Pakula and Police Minister Lisa Neville have all denied being involved in the decision.
Victoria Police Chief Commissioner Shane Patton, his predecessor Graham Ashton, Chief Health Officer Brett Sutton and multiple senior public servants have also pleaded ignorance.
“No one is claiming ownership of the decision, even though no one seems to have spoken against it at the time and no one who might have been the decision-maker seems to suggest if it had been them, it would have been a bad decision,” counsel assisting the inquiry Rachel Ellyard said.
“There’s just no one who says it was them. Are you aware of that?”
“I am,” Mr Andrews replied.
“Do you know who it was?”
“No, I don’t.”
A number of witnesses including the head of the premier’s department Chris Eccles have told the inquiry the call to use guards was a result of “collective decision-making”.
But Mr Andrews said collective decision-making “does not remove accountability”.
“It is very disappointing,” he said.
Ms Ellyard said a potential explanation was that it “wasn’t really a decision consciously made by anyone but rather a kind of creeping assumption that formed amongst a group”.
“That would be even more concerning to me because that’s not a decision at all. That’s just a series of assumptions,” Mr Andrews said.
In his statement to the inquiry, Mr Andrews said Ms Mikakos and the Department of Health and Humans Services were responsible for the running of the hotel quarantine program.
This contradicts with both Ms Mikakos and her department secretary Kym Peake’s view that there was “shared accountability” with the Department of Jobs, Precincts and Regions, which was responsible for contracting hotels and security companies.
“At the start of the program, I regarded Minister Mikakos and Minister Pakula as responsible for informing cabinet about, and seeking cabinet’s endorsement of, the initial overall service model and costings that had been determined for the program,” Mr Andrews’ statement reads.
“I then regarded Minister Mikakos as accountable for the program.”
The contracts written up by the jobs department placed the responsibility of training guards, including in the use of personal protective equipment, on security companies.
Hotels were responsible for cleaning unless a returned traveller tested positive to COVID-19.
Ms Ellyard put to the premier that matters of infection control were “too important to be left to private contractors”.
“Given what’s at stake, given the seriousness and the infectivity of this virus, I think that’s a fair statement,” he replied.
Mr Andrews also conceded he was unaware of an email sent to Mr Eccles by his federal counterpart on April 8, offering ADF support.
Mr Eccles told the inquiry he wasn’t sure if he had passed the email onto anyone.
“I cannot predict what outcome it may have had but I certainly would have wanted to know, because it would have presented us with options that we otherwise didn’t have,” Mr Andrews said.
The premier was the final witness before the $3 million inquiry, headed by retired judge Jennifer Coate.
It will hand down its final report on November 6.