Women football players around the world should soon have their maternity rights protected under new employment rules announced on Thursday by FIFA.
The governing body of soccer is preparing to mandate clubs to allow at least 14 weeks of maternity leave paid at a minimum two-thirds of a player’s full salary.
National bodies can insist on more generous terms.
“Her club will be under an obligation to reintegrate her into football activity and provide adequate ongoing medical support,” FIFA said.
— FIFA Media (@fifamedia) November 19, 2020
Any club that ended a player’s contract for becoming pregnant faces having to pay compensation and a fine, and being banned from the transfer market for one year.
“The idea is to protect female players before, during and after childbirth,” FIFA chief legal officer Emilio Garcia said on a conference call.
The move is seen as a key step in professionalising women’s soccer and respecting players’ family lives after a successful 2019 World Cup, and more investment by elite clubs in having a women’s team.
Fifa could impose transfer bans on any clubs that fail to meet new minimum standards for maternity cover.
— BBC Sport (@BBCSport) November 19, 2020
United States forward Alex Morgan, a World Cup winner last year, signed with Tottenham in September, four months after giving birth to her first child. She played her first game this month.
The rules are expected to be approved by the FIFA Council next month and would take effect on January 1.
Although FIFA’s judicial bodies have not been presented with contract disputes over maternity rights, Garcia targeted getting ahead of potential problems in the fast-growing women’s game.
“We think these rules are part of common sense,” he said of the move, which follow International Labor Organisation standards on compensating maternity leave.
At least eight weeks of the 14-week minimum maternity leave must be after the player gives birth.