Low-income parents are set to receive more financial support to pay for childcare, but take a financial hit via the Family Tax Benefit under a government overhaul of childcare subsidies.
The Senate passed the Coalition’s $1.6 billion childcare package late on Thursday night after what the Opposition is calling a “secret deal” between the government and some members of the crossbench.
The childcare overhaul is expected to impact 840,000 families and targets subsidies at low-income families, while scrapping subsidies for some wealthier parents.
It merges existing rebates and subsidies into one means-tested payment, with a
The government also agreed to a proposal from Senate crossbenchers Derryn Hinch and David Leyonhjelm to scrap childcare subsidies for families earning more than $350,000 a year.
The bill will return to the House of Representatives as a result of the amendment, where it is expected to be passed without issue.
The new system will benefit 230,000
But it also includes a stricter activity test, meaning parents must be working, volunteering or studying for eight hours a fortnight to receive the subsidy.
The childcare sector, Labor and the Greens raised concerns about the package, saying it would halve access to childcare for some vulnerable and disadvantaged families from two days to one.
Both parties and independent Jacqui Lambie earlier questioned the horse-trading between the government, One Nation and the Nick Xenophon Team that led to their support for the package, which Labor has labelled a “secret deal”.
They had initially withheld their support for the government’s plans, but changed their minds after it scrapped a raft of welfare cuts that would have hit the unemployed, pensioners and young people.
Education Minister Simon Birmingham told the Senate on Thursday night that the changes would “give the greatest support we possibly can to the lowest-income, hardest-working families”.
But Greens Senator Sarah Hanson-Young was unconvinced by their change of heart, saying that the childcare overhaul would still hurt vulnerable families.
“Why are those children being punished? Because there’s a deal that’s been done here tonight,” she told the Senate.
One Nation leader Pauline Hanson earlier said “no deal had been done”, while Senator Xenophon said he’d worked to avoid a “stalemate” so the childcare boost passed.
Mr Xenophon told the Senate on Thursday night he’d secured extra funding for the Community Child Care Fund that would help indigenous families as part of the childcare package.
The two-year freeze to Family Tax Benefit is expected to raise $2.4 billion over four years.
But Labor said it would leave 1.5 million families worse off and welfare groups said the cuts would hit the vulnerable particularly hard.
- A family on up to $65,000 would have 85 per cent of childcare costs covered, reducing by 1 per cent for each extra $3000 of income. Removes $7500 subsidy cap for low-income families
- A family on between $170,000 and $250,000 will have 50 per cent of childcare costs covered, capped at $10,000 in subsidy a year from $187,000 in income
- From July 2018, a family on more than $350,000 will lose the 20 per cent subsidy
Family payments changes:
- From July 1, Family Tax Benefit payments frozen at the current rates for two years
- A single income family on $60,000 with two primary school age children is set to lose about $440 over two years
- A dual income couple on $50,000 each with two children in primary school is set to lose $340 over two years
- A single parent on $60,000 with two high school children is set to be $540 worse off over two years