The death of three-year-old Aylan Kurdi shocked the world.
He was but one of thousands of child refugees fleeing war for a better life.
An estimated two million children are on the move with their families, the UNHCR has estimated.
These children make up more than half the total number of Syrian refugees.
Their families escaped a bloody civil war, which has raged since 2011.
As of last year, as many as 11,400 children were thought to have been killed in the conflict.
And at least 400 children have been tortured by Syrian government forces, Human Rights Watch claimed.
In Syria, food was scarce. Children went hungry.
Because of the fighting, schools closed. The children’s education suffered.
“Five years is a lot of school to miss,” UNHCR’s Greg Mills says.
Most of their families are seeking sanctuary in Europe.
This is the first time since World War II that the UNHCR, the international refugee agency, has been fully operational across Western Europe.
The UNHCR is calling for donations to help feed and protect refugees while they seek permanent homes.
If you would like to support the agency’s efforts in Europe, click here or call 1300 885 997.
Australia has agreed to resettle 12,000 refugees from Syria and Iraq.
The first wave of refugees is expected to arrive before Christmas.
Social Services Minister Scott Morrison recommends that concerned Australians get in touch with their local MP or community group to find out how to help these families resettle.
All photos: UNHCR, Getty