SpaceX is planning to send an unmanned Dragon spacecraft to Mars as early as 2018, a first step in achieving founder Elon Musk’s goal to fly people to another planet.
US space agency NASA, which is aiming for a human mission to Mars in the 2030s, said it will provide technical support for SpaceX’s first foray, known as Red Dragon.
SpaceX “could provide valuable entry, descent and landing data to NASA for our journey to Mars, while providing support to American industry,” NASA said in a statement.
The announcement marks SpaceX’s first target date for its unmanned mission to Mars.
The SpaceX program is intended to develop technologies needed for human transportation to Mars, a long-term aim for Mr Musk’s privately held company, which is formally known as Space Exploration Technologies.
The company said it will provide details of its Mars program at the International Astronautical Congress in September.
He said that with an internal volume about the size of a sports utility vehicle, the Dragon spacecraft would be uncomfortable for people making the long journey to Mars and he “wouldn’t recommend transporting astronauts beyond Earth-Moon region”.
Mr Musk, a billionaire entrepreneur who helped to found PayPal and Tesla, started SpaceX in 2002 with the goal of slashing launch costs to make Mars travel affordable.
SpaceX intends to debut its Mars rocket, a heavy-lift version of the Falcon 9 booster currently flying, later this year.
The company has recently made spaceflight history by returning Falcon 9 rockets to landing pads on land and sea, which is key to Mr Musk’s quest to develop a relatively cheap, reusable launch vehicle.
SpaceX now flies cargo versions of its Dragon capsule to and from the International Space Station under a $2.6 billion resupply services contract with NASA.
SpaceX is also upgrading the capsules to carry astronauts, with test flights to the station scheduled for 2017, under a separate NASA contract worth up to $3.4 billion.
NASA does not plan to provide financial assistance to SpaceX’s Mars mission but is investing in its own heavy-lift rocket, capsule and launch pad modifications targeting Mars travel.
The space agency will spend about $31.6 billion to debut a test flight in lunar orbit with astronauts onboard in 2023, according to an April 2016 Government Accountability Office report.
Planning to send Dragon to Mars as soon as 2018. Red Dragons will inform overall Mars architecture, details to come pic.twitter.com/u4nbVUNCpA
— SpaceX (@SpaceX) April 27, 2016
Dragon 2 is designed to be able to land anywhere in the solar system. Red Dragon Mars mission is the first test flight.
— Elon Musk (@elonmusk) April 27, 2016