What was filmmaker John Hughes thinking when he made Home Alone?
His previous films were either about awkward teens finding their way in the world (The Breakfast Club, Ferris Bueller’s Day Off etc), or awkward adults finding their way in the world (Uncle Buck, Planes, Trains and Automobiles). Plus a franchise featuring both groups (National Lampoon’s Vacation).
But Home Alone (1990), enjoying a 30th anniversary re-release in Australian cinemas this week, plays differently.
Eight-year-old Kevin McCallister (Macaulay Culkin) is punished and forced to sleep in the attic. There, he wishes his family never existed.
The next morning he wakes to find himself the only occupant of his house – forgotten by the rest of his family as they head to Paris for Christmas.
There are no self-conscious teens grappling with coming-of-age issues and no irresponsible and naïve adults belatedly learning life lessons in this film.
Instead we get super cute Kevin pretending to be the “man of the house”.
A false sense of cuteness
Hughes obviously knew he had lightning in a bottle with Culkin, who had co-starred in Uncle Buck the year before.
Although only nine at the time of filming, Culkin is a strong, extroverted actor with great comic timing and a lively, energetic performance.
He delivers his lines thoughtfully and can turn on the emotion when he needs to. He carries the film single-handedly. All other characters are really just plot devices for Kevin’s mischievousness – or his introspection.
But if Kevin is “home alone”, where is the drama?
Hughes introduces a secondary plot of two burglars trying to break into the house. This is where the film takes an uncharacteristic turn for the macabre.
What has been one of Hughes’ usual saccharine romps involving dysfunctional people learning to deal with family life becomes a sadistic and bruising experience akin to a PG-rated Texas Chainsaw Massacre.
The film lures you into its cutesy first two acts – Kevin walking around in his dad’s shoes; shopping at the supermarket; the famous aftershave scene where he evokes Edvard Munch’s The Scream – before Kevin unleashes a bloody onslaught of booby traps and tortures expected of an Arnold Schwarzenegger action movie.
A dark psychology
Hughes knows his cinema history.
You can see the influence of Buster Keaton or Charlie Chaplin in Home Alone, setting up one sight gag after another. But here, each gets increasingly violent.
Hughes demonstrated fine comic writing skills with John Candy and Steve Martin in Planes, Trains and Automobiles and with Candy again in Uncle Buck.
Both films are laden with slapstick. But their jokes are the result of stupidity on behalf of the adult characters. The hurt is to themselves, and mostly superficial.
Kevin’s tricks, however, involve BB gun shots to the face and genitals, scorching metal-searing flesh, nails inserted into feet and the use of flame throwers.
At the end of the film Kevin doesn’t need the pandering of his mother – he needs a serious psychological assessment.
It is almost like watching a short film within a much larger one.
It seems Hughes started writing a script with the same central idea of most of his films: That even though families bicker and often harass each other, familial love is the unbreakable core of life.
But then he went dark. Really dark.
We need to talk
I’m not sure exactly what messages child audiences are picking up through all of this.
I doubt they would be healthy, but that is probably better left to a psychologist to parse.
Still, this screen duality of cutesiness/darkness appears to have been experienced by Culkin in real life.
Culkin’s parents carefully fostered the “America’s darling” persona throughout his young career.
In his teens, Culkin became emancipated from them, taking control of his finances. (He later claimed his father had been psychologically and physically abusive).
Career wise, Culkin basically disappeared after 1994’s Richie Rich.
Home Alone spurred four sequels, but only Home Alone 2 (1992) features Culkin again. It’s basically the same movie as the original, set in a different place, complete with torture scenes on the same burglar characters.
Disney has announced plans to reboot the series. It may not be a bad move on their part. But could they ever find another child actor who epitomised “cute” as much as Culkin did?
Home Alone is in cinemas from December 3.
Daryl Sparkes, Senior Lecturer (Media Studies and Production), University of Southern Queensland
This article is republished from The Conversation under a Creative Commons licence. Read the original article.